This Glossary seeks to clarify and define some of the terms used in the Batting for Both teams blog. It is entirely produced by the author, and drawn from their experiences of both gender politics and sports, so may well differ in places from official or individual definitions.
I hope to help clarify meaning (particularly for the lay reader) rather than cause any offence or come across as patronising, and apologise in advance should anything like this emerge. I would be very open to suggestions for less clumsy wording from more able minds than mine!
Terms are organised purely by order of emergence in blog posts as I wrote them, rather than any system, and will be added to as necessary. Any query on a term will result in a new entry to this Glossary.
Bisexual/pansexual – someone who is attracted to people of multiple genders and gender presentations. Bisexual implies there is a gender binary, which many people dispute, but the term is better known than pansexual, which encompasses all gender.
Non-monogamous – someone who chooses to explore one of many different relationship models where there is not an expectation that each person only has one sexual/romantic partner.
Genderfluid – someone for whom the traditional definitions of gender as a binary (historically male/female) do not correspond to their own perceptions of their gender. They may feel like their character traits do not comfortably fit either end of the gender spectrum, or that they fluctuate between different points on that spectrum.
Sports official – someone who applies the rules and adjudicates on decisions on the playing field on behalf of both teams. Typically this person is a neutral third party with no vested interest in the match outcome.
Homophobia/biphobia – prejudice against someone on the basis of their attraction to others.
Astroturf – an artificial surface resembling a very close-cut grassy field but uniformly flat and often much smoother than the older grass pitches. Sometimes contain sand, sometimes use water to help reduce friction and allow for balls to move across the surface faster.
Umpire – a type of sports official, typically for hockey, cricket or tennis.
Cards – coloured cards which can be used by match officials in some sports to caution or dismiss players from the field of play, usually for misbehaving or contravening the rules in some way.
Games – a school subject, usually involving the training for and playing of sports and sporting activities.
MCC – the Marylebone Cricket Club, custodians of the Laws of Cricket for the past few centuries and spiritual home of the sport.
Batter – a player who wields a bat and wears protective equipment in cricket, and tries to hit the ball as far as possible to score ‘runs’, or points. Also known as batsman or batswoman.
Bowler – a player who throws the ball at the batter/stumps.
Opening bowler – one of the pair of bowlers who first throw the ball at the batters at the start.
Stumps – the sticks in the ground in cricket which the batter defends and the bowler tries to hit.
Gay – a man who is attracted exclusively/mostly to men, or male-presenting people (sometimes also used for a woman who is attracted exclusively/mostly to women, or female-presenting people).
Heteronormative – the default assumption that everyone prefers heterosexual relationships and that anything differing from this is strange or even less valid in some way.
Teas – a meal usually consumed between two periods of play (but occasionally before or after play) at a cricket match. Traditionally consists of sandwiches, scones and a cup of tea, but may include any other summer picnic-type food.
U13s, U15s, U17s – age-divided sports teams to allow for gradual progression and a sense of growth over time as players.
Scorer – usually two (to help one another) match officials who receive signals from the umpires and watch play during a cricket match, in order to keep an accurate score during the game. Given the complex nature of scoring and the sometimes rapid pace of the game, it is necessary that these be separate from the umpire, and watch from a position outside the playing field.